What To Do With Gestational Diabetes? How To Control Gestational Diabetes?
Women with gestational diabetes as well as people with type 2 diabetes all have insulin resistance. The pancreas seems to be hard pressed to produce enough insulin to overcome the body insulin resistance. Pregnant women require even more insulin production because of the increased secretion of hormones that contribute to insulin resistance. The gestational diabetes treated in the same way as type 2 diabetes, mostly by thorough diet planning and regular exercise. You may learn more about diets for diabetes and diabetes management products if you use links on the right side of this page. Check it out, please. When diet and exercise combined are fail to keep blud glucose levels low, doctor can prescribe insulin injections therapy. Diabetes pill are not prescribed for gestational diabetes because they can cause birth defects.
Too much glucose in the mother’s blood can be harmful for the growing baby. By the halfway mark in the pregnancy, the baby’s organs are already formed and from that time on baby’s only grows larger. Too much glucose in the mother’s blood during the last half of pregnancy can lead to a baby that is too large to be delivered safely and may require of delivery by cesarean section. That is why blood glucose goals are tighter for pregnant women that for most people with type 2 diabetes.
The condition when the baby grows too large to be delivered safely is called macrosomia. Also, the baby may need to be delivered early if she or he grows too large too fast. But early delivery puts the baby at a higher risk for respiratory distress because the lungs are about the last organ to mature.
Women with gestational diabetes are also prone for condition called toxemia, in which blood pressure is too high. Telling signs of toxemia in gestational diabetes are swelling of arms and legs, it can be dangerous for both mother and baby and bed rest can be recommended until delivery.
For many women, making healthy food and portion choices is enough to keep blood glucose levels within the ranges your doctor recommends, regular exercises are also highly beneficial. Everyone can have some exercise no matter conditions save for very difficult cases. Even simple walk or swim makes excellent exercise to lower blood glucose level. Weight control is also should be addressed in connection with gestational diabetes. Overweight or obese women at higher risk of developing gestational diabetes that those with a normal weight. Healthy food choices play a key role in managing gestational diabetes.
Normal glucose levels are very important during pregnancy and must be controlled. But if special diet and exercise routine are not enough to keep blood glucose levels at low levels, doctor can recommend insulin injection therapy. This therapy can be started during the third trimestr of pregnancy, when insulin resistance is at its highest. It can be started with a large total dose of insulin hormone each day, usually with a mixture of short-acting and long-acting insulins.
Remember, that risk of getting type 2 diabetes permanently after pregnancy is high if gestational diabetes was present. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes 5 to 15 years after gestational diabetes is between 40 and 60 percent; compared with a 15 percent risk in the general population. Being obese increases the risk of getting type 2 diabetes after having gestational diabetes to a 3 out of 4 chance! Do you need more motivation for keeping a healthy body weight and getting plenty of exercise? I don’t! 🙂