What is Sugar Diabetes?

Sugar diabetes disease has been known to humanity more than 3000 years since about 1500 B.C., according to the first references in historical documents. Word ‘diabetes’ derived from the Greek word for ‘to syphon’ or ‘to run through’.

Around 30 B.C. and 30 A.D., a Greek physician Aretacus from Cappadocia applied the term ‘diabetes’ to his patients who had to urinate frequently. Much later, around 17th century, doctors discovered that the urine of people with sugar diabetes was sweet, so they added the Latin word ’mellitus’, which stands for ’honey’, hence this disease get the name ’diabetes mellitus’, or sugar diabetes, as we know it today.

Major problem in people with sugar diabetes is that they missing the essential hormone called insulin and because of this they lose sugar in urine. Only with the help of insulin hormone bodys metabolic processes can release the energy from digested sugar in the food. People with sugar diabetes don’t produce insulin at all or produce it in very low quantity no nearly enough to satisfy present needs. Because of insulin deficiency, sugar can’t be absorbed by cells from the bloodstream to convert it to energy, to let muscles work, to produce cell growth and repair, or to produce body heat. Metabolism chain is broken in people with sugar diabetes. Metabolism is a very complex series of interdependent chemical reactions in the body that work to produce and use energy for the healthy functioning of the body. The point is that in people with sugar diabetes this essential process is broken or severely impeded.

Without hormones human body can’t survive. A hormone is a little chemical messenger that travels from one part of the body to tell another part what to do, it gives work orders. The sugar diabetes disease is almost all about troubles with one of this hormones, namely insulin. Hormone insulin is produced by the body in the pancreas (click here to read more facts about diabetes and about the pancreas) by special beta cells located in island of tissue called the islets of Langerhans. In people with sugar diabetes, this insulin producing beta cells have been destroyed by immune system. What triggers that destruction is still unknown and we hope that in near future scientists working on sugar diabetes problem can find that answer, and maybe humanity will be able to make away with sugar diabetes disease through genetic fixes. People with sugar diabetes need to get insulin from other source since their own pancreas is no longer able to produce it. The only way it can be done is insulin injections (or inhaled pulmonary insulin) or use of insulin pump.

There is two main types of sugar diabetes. Majority of people affected by sugar diabetes have Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Their pancreas still able to produce hormone insulin but in a very low quantity or it doesn’t work properly to utilize all sugar in the bloodstream. Mostly overweight and obese people become victims of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes mellitus refers to patients whose body can’t produce insulin at all and they must to get it by regular insulin injections.

Sugar diabetes can be controlled and managed with great success. Sugar diabetes patients adhering to individually tailored diabetes management and diabetic diet are able to live long healthy life with all the joy and happiness.

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