What Is Sugar Diabetes?
Sugar diabetes disease has been known to humanity for more than 3000 years since about 1500 B.C., according to the first references in historical documents. Word ‘diabetes’ derived fom the Greek word ‘to syphon’ or ‘to run through’. Around 30 B.C. and 30 A.D., a Greek physician Aretacus from Cappadoca applied the term ‘diabetes’ to his patients who had to urinate frequently. Much later, around 17th century, doctors discovered that the urine of people with ugar diabetes was sweet, so they added he Latin word ‘mellitus’, which stands for ‘honey’. Hence this disease get the name ‘diabetes mellitus’, or sugar diabetes, as we know it today.
Major problem in people with sugar diabetes is that they missing the essential hormone called insulin and because of this they are lose sugar in urine. Only with the help of insulin hormone body’s metabolic processes can release the energy from digested sugar in the food. People with sugar diabetes don’t produce insulin at all or produce it in a very low quantity not nealy enough to satisfy present needs. Because of insulin deficiency, sugar can not be absorbed by cells from the bloodstram to convert it to energy, to let musces work, to produce cell growth and repair, or to produce body heat. Metabolismchain is broken. Metabolism is the vey complex series of interdependent chemical reactions in the body that work to produce and use energy for the healthy functioning of the body. The point is that in people affected by sugar diabetes this essential process is broken or severelyimpeded.
Without hormones human body can’t survive. A hormone is a little chemical messenger that travels from one part of the body to tell another part what t do, it gives orders to work. The sugar diabetes disease is almost all about trubles with one of these hormones, namely insulin. Hormone insulin is produced bythe body in the pancreas (click here to read more about the pancreas) by special beta cells located in the island of tissue called the islets of Langerhans. In people with sugar diabetes, this insulin producing beta cells have been destroyed by immune system. What triggers that destruction is still unknown and we hope that in near future scientists working n sugar diabetes problem can find that answer, and maybe humanity will be able to make away with sugar diabetes disease through genetic fixes. People with sigar diabetes need to get insulin from other source since their own pancreas is no onger able to produce it. The only way it can be done is insulin injections or se of the insulin pump.
There is two main types of sugar diabetes. Majority of people affected by sugar diabetes have Type 2 sugar diabetes. Their pancreas still able to produce hormone insulin but in a very low quantity or it doesn’t work properly to utilize all sugar in the bloodstream. Mostly overweight and obese people become victims of Type 2 sugar diabetes. Type 1 sugar diabetes refers to patients whose body can’t produce insulin at all and they must get it by regular insulin injections.
Sugar diabetes can b controlled and managed with great degree of success. Suaars diabetes patients adhering to individually tailored diabetes management are able to live long healthy life with all the joy and happiness.