Sugar diabetes disease has been known to humanity more than 3000 years since about 1500 B.C., according to the first references in historical documents. Word ‘diabetes’ derived from the Greek word for ‘to syphon’ or ‘to run through’.
Around 30 B.C. and 30 A.D., a Greek physician Aretacus from Cappadocia applied the term ‘diabetes’ to his patients who had to urinate frequently. Much later, around 17th century, doctors discovered that the urine of people with sugar diabetes was sweet, so they added the Latin word ’mellitus’, which stands for ’honey’, hence this disease get the name ’diabetes mellitus’, or sugar diabetes, as we know it today.
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Excessive food intake in patients with diabetes disease who are unable to reach normal body blood sugar level is thought to result in the production of incretin-antagonist hormones, leading to glucose intolerance and dysregulated insulin production in the pancreas. How to control blood sugar level. To control sugar level in blood body need to produce enough insulin to utilize excessive sugar. What is glucagon like peptide 1? Incretin hormones, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 and glucose dependent insulinotropic polypeptide are hormones released from the small intestines in response to ingested food. Control of blood glucose levels works through join forces of insulin and glucagon like peptide 1 hormones.
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