For many people with diabetes, food is a very big problem. The millions who have ever tried any diet know exactly how hard is it to stick to the plan and eat only that food allowed by specific diet. Being diagnosed with diabetes means to change one’s eating habits. And here comes lots of myths about food and diabetes. It is a common picture that person with diabetes should eat monotonous bland food and be totally deprived of varieties. Totally untrue!
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Very little of the fat and protein you eat becomes glucose. Biggest part of the glucose in the bloodstream comes from the digestion of carbohydrates. As the carbs are broken down into glucose and absorbed, the blood glucose levels are going up. Different kind of food produce different ammounts of blood glucose. It depends on how fats the glucose is freed from the food. Food that comes in big pieces, as apples (if you don’t chew them into a pulp) or corn, breaks down more slowly than smaller pieces, like the bits in grits or nicely cooked oatmeal. Food that digests slowly will releasy the glucose into the bloodstream slowly, as in raw food compared to cooked food. Also, some foods contain more carbohydrates per serving than others. Compare potato and carrot, for example. Lots of starch (carbohydrate) in potato and no starch in carrot, but both of them full of nutritions.
Our bodies require nitrients all the time to get energy, to replace and repare proteins and cells throughout the body. There are three important nutrients to do this: protein, fat and carbohydrate. Our bodies also have need of vitamins and various minerals. It is true for everybody, no matter diabetes or no diabetes. Various combinations of these nutrients are found in different foods. By bringing a variety of foofds in your diabetes diet, you are sure to give all the nutrients your body need. And this is much better than substitute healthy food with vitamin supplements, bacause nature know best how to combine essential nutrients in food for best use.
Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels drop too low. Hypoglycemia is not unusual for people with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes who take glucose-lowering medications, such as sulfonylurea or insulin. On average, people with type 1 diabetes have on ore two episodes of hypoglycemia each week.
How the food affects glucose in the bloodstream? What is the connection between food consumption and diabetes control? Let’s start from the basics.
Food contains carbohydrates in various forms which are breaked down to glucose during the digestion process. Glucose is the fuel of our body, it travels through the blood to supply every part of the body with energy. The ammount of glucose in the bloodstream goes up during the food intake. Different kind of foods contains different ammounts of carbohydrates in it and the body will produce different ammounts of glucose upon digestion.