Signs and symptoms of diabetes are precursor to cardiovascular disease as a macrovascular diabetic complication. Diabetes mellitus disease is considered a cardiovascular risk-equivalent disease. The likelihood of dying of a first myocardial infraction is the same for people with signs and symptoms of diabetes disease as for a people without diabetes who has previously survived one myocardial infraction. Overwhelming majority of diabetes-related mortality is attributed to the three main forms of macrovascular diabetic complications. These three major macrovascular diabetic complications are: stroke, coronary heart disease, and peripheral vascular disease.
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When should I check my blood sugar levels? The answer is now! As a matter of fact, th answer on the question “When should I check my blood sugar levels” can be only “now” or “as soon as possible, but better do it now”. Blood sugar level before eating should be measured first using glucometer for probable symptoms of Type 2 diabetes disease. Then blood sugar levels must be checked again after a meal. High glucose levels are usual flag for symptoms of Type 2 diabetes.
Diabetic nephropathy is one of the microvascular complications of diabetes disease. Diabetic complications are causing most death in patients with diabetes disease. Diabetic nephropathy is a diabetic kidney disease. Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by following symptoms: progressive kidney failure, hypertension (high blood pressure), and proteinuria.
Facts about diabetes disease and diabetic retinopathy. Dilated eye exams from an eye specialist (ophthalmologist) trained in recognizing diabetic retinopathy as diabetic complication are necessary to prevent loss of vision. Another fact about diabetic retinopathy is that until diabetic retinopathy becomes advanced, patients with diabetes disease remain without symptoms of diabetic retinopathy. Once pathologic changes occur within the retina, management changes from prevention of diabetic retinopathy to stabilization of the diabetic retinopathy disease process, so that vision may be preserved. The next fact about diabetes is that prolonged exposure to high glucose levels incites a cascade of harmful events in genetically susceptible patients with diabetes disease, leading to microvascular complications of diabetes such as diabetic retinopathy. Keeping glycated hemoglobin A1C levels below 7 percent target range can reduce the risk of onset and progression of diabetic retinopathy as one of diabetic complications by 35 to 75 percent. Important facts about diabetes and diabetic complications such as diabetic retinopathy are that hyperlipidemia, high blood pressure, genetic factors, and especially smoking (yes, smoking of tobacco cigarettes) play significant riles in development and progression of diabetic retinopathy.
Excessive food intake in patients with diabetes disease who are unable to reach normal body blood sugar level is thought to result in the production of incretin-antagonist hormones, leading to glucose intolerance and dysregulated insulin production in the pancreas. How to control blood sugar level. To control sugar level in blood body need to produce enough insulin to utilize excessive sugar. What is glucagon like peptide 1? Incretin hormones, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 and glucose dependent insulinotropic polypeptide are hormones released from the small intestines in response to ingested food. Control of blood glucose levels works through join forces of insulin and glucagon like peptide 1 hormones.