Oral Diabetes Medications. Medications For Diabetes. Part 2

The thiazolidinediones is a new class of drugs for type 2 diabetes management and treatment different from sulfonylureas or metformin class. The thiazolidinediones class have two drugs in it. It is rosiglitazone (brand name Avandia) and pioglitazone (brand name Actos). Glitazones make muscle cells more sensitive to insulin. Because of that effect people with type 2 diabetes who also take insulin may be able to reduce insulin dose. Extra benefits from the rosiglitazone and pioglitazone are lower triglyceride levels and increased high-density lipoprotein (HDL, which is known as good cholesterol) cholesterol levels. This class of drugs usually taken once or twice a day. More about medications to control type 2 diabetes you can find following links on the right side of this page. You should have all the important information on type 2 diabetes!

Another class of oral agents for type 2 diabetes is the alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. This class of drugs slow the digestion of starches which are converted to sugar and glucose thereafter. After-meal glucose peaks aren’t as high because these drugs temporarily block the action of a group of enzymes that helps digest starches. This improves long-term glucose control by lowering glycated hemoglobin levels. The funny part is a lot of people using these drugs complain of intestinal gas and diarrhea, but those are diminish with continued use or dosage change and in the long run benefits outweight some inconvinience.

One more class of drugs for type 2 diabetes management is called meglitinides. Repaglinide drug (goes under the brand name Prandin) may be a good choice for the patient who have problems with blood glucose rising immediately after a meal, because Prandin stimulates insulin release by the pancreas in response to a meal. Another drug from this class with a similar properties as Prandin is nateglinide (sold under the brand name Starlix). It is also a good choice for dealing with glucose peaks after meal in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Metformin, thiazolidinediones, sulfonylureas, meglitinides, and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors drugs come in pill form. People with type 2 diabetes should ask their doctor about possible side effects and any sign of side effects that they should be on the lookout for. Don’t do it yourself, ask your doctor! Be healthy, please.

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