Oral Diabetes Medications. Medications for Diabetes. Part 1
There are many different kind of oral medications for diabetes disease. Please remember that only your doctor can prescribe you certain medications and this article is for information purpose only. Refer to your doctor! Although many people with type 2 diabetes can achieve blood glucose level control using special diabetic diet and exercise routine, sometimes help from oral mediacations is called for. But remember that no medications can substitute for healthy diet and exercise in your diabetes management plan.
Most diabetesoral agents are sulnylurea drugs. By encouranging the pancreas to produce and release more insulin into the bloodstream sulfonylureas lower blood sugar level. There are six different sulfonylureas are prescribed in US for type 2 diabetes. Tolbutamide (Orinase), tolazamide (Tolinaze), glipizide (Glucotrol or Glucotrol XL), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PressTab, or Micronase), glimepiride (Amaryl), and acetohexamide (in generic production). These drugs are usually take once or twice a day every day. Please pay close attention to advertisement on the right side of this page. You can find lots of useful up-to-date information on diabetes and products for diabetes management. Appreciate your support.
In 1994 another class of oral diabetes medications was introduced in US. Metformin (Glucophage) drugs belongs to a class called biguanides. Biguanides acts differently than sulfonylureas in people with type 2 diabetes. Biguanides tell liver to stop release stored glucose in order to lower blood glucose level. They may also lower insulin resistance in the muscles and hinder the absorption of glucose from food being digested in the small intestine. Because metformin acts to decrease glucose release rather than increase insulin activity, there is little risk of very low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia). Metformin (Glucophage) has the added advantages of helping lower blood fat levels and promoting weight loss which contributes to control severity of type 2 diabetes.
Metformin and sulfonylureas are often prescribed together because they work in different ways. This combination can be very effective for type 2 diabetes patients who are poorly controlled just on sulfonylureas and diet plan. Metformin is particularly useful for people who are allergic to sulfa drugs.
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