Kidney Disease and Diabetes. Nephropathy Complications in Diabetes
Kidneys are body’s filter units. They work 24/7 to rid the body of the toxins that produced through digestion, normal cells reactions, or were taken in. Toxins from the blood stream enter the kidneys by crossing the walls of small blood vessels along its border. In people with nepropathy complication of diabets, these tiny blood vessels, called capillares, are unable to filter out the toxins and other waste in the blood. As a result, some of the waste products that should be removed stay in the blood, and some of the proteins and nutrients that should remain in the bloodstream are lost in the urine. Symptoms of kidney disease usually occur after much kidney damage has already been done and may be very subtle.
Approximately 43% of new cases of end-stage renal disease are due to diabetes complications. 10 to 20% of all people with diabetes disease have nephropathy also. Not everyone with diabetes develops nephropathy. Severe kidney damage is more common in people with type 1 diabetes that in those with type 2 diabetes. Kidney damage can also result from high blood pressure, and many people with type 2 diabetes also prone to hypertension. Years of unchecked high blood pressure can do extensive damage to delicate filters in the kidneys, leading to less efficient blood filtering and waste removal process. You should always keep your blood pressure in check along with blood glucose. Intensive diabets management is the best routine you can adopt to reduce your possible complications from diabetes or eliminate some of them altogether. Please read about intensive diabetes management here on my blog in dedicated articles. Also, please check my ads for great deals and rebates on diabetes products and services you can buy online now.
The most important thing you can do to prevent nephropathy and kidney damage is to keep your blood glucose levels under control. The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial conducted in 1983 through 1993 showed that people with diabetes type 1 who kept tight blood glucose control reduced their risk of kidney disease by 35% to 56%. Another important step is to keep blood pressure under control. For blood pressure control you have to keep healthy body weight and eat less salt. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are blood pressure medications that also preserve kidney function. Your doctor can prescribe them for you.