Intensive Diabetes Management for Type 1 Diabetes
The idea behind intensive diabetes management is to maintain tight control over blood glucose levels. It is not enough to check blood glucose levels twice a day and inject insulin twice a day same time every day. For intensive diabetes management of type 1 diabetes you will ne to check your blood glucose levels five to seven (or even more) times per day and you will need to use multiple daily injections of fast-acting or regular insulin or an insulin pump.
In your intensive diabetes management plan you hagve to set a target range for your blood glucose levels, say between 70 and 140 mg/dl. Then you must to keep it in that range by taking action to decrease or increase them. For example, if you check your blood glucose levels and they are too low, you’ll need to eat some specified ammount of carbohydrates to avoid hypoglycemia. In general, each 5 grams of carbohydrates raises blood glucose about 15 mg/dl. So, to bring your blood glucose level to 120 mg/dl from around 40 to 50 mg/dl you have to eat 25 grams of carbohydrates. If levels are too high, you’ll need an extra dose of insulin. Intensive diabetes management is all about the balance within set blood glucose levels goals.
Perosn with type 1 diabetes need to develop routine to check blood glucose level every time before meals or before and after exercise or whatever.
Goals in intensive diabetes management can change over the course of your intensive management. You could find it harder to detect oncoming hypoglycemia. Intensive diabetes management means you’ll have lots more hypoglycemic reactions because you are always closer to low blood glucose level than you were on standard diabetes therapy. If person with type 1 diabetes on intensive diabetes management plan find it harder to detect hypoglycemia he need to increase target range and get a training at recognizing symptoms of hypoglycemia. You have to check your blood glucose levels many times a day! Every bit of testing gives you more knowledge of how your body reacts to food, exercise, and insulin. Once you have settled into a comfortable routine, you may be able to do few test drawing information from your expirience. Numerous monitorings may be the hardest part of intensive diabetes management.