Insulin Therapy for Type 2 Diabetes
Usually, people with type 2 diabetes who have fasting blood glucose levels less than 126 mg/dl can control their diabetes through special diabetic diet and exercise plan only. For this group of people insulin hormone injections are almost never prescribed. People with higher levels of blood glucose start out treating diabetes with added oral drugs in addition to diabetic diet and exercise plan. But eventually, they also need insulin injections to lower blood sugar levels. Doctor may suggest to the patient start insulin therapy when diet, exercise, and prescribed oral diabetes medications together haven’t been abe to keep blood sugar levels low. The body need more help with resistance to insulin. Please check out my advertisements on the page in order to find information on type 2 diabetes medications and other products to manage type 2 diabetes. Thank you very much!
The longer person have type 2 diabetes more likely person need to use insulin injections. Around 30 to 40 percent of people with type 2 diabetes use insulin hormone injections. Usually it is two shots per day, each dose contains some fast-acting insulin and some slow-acting insulin in one syringe or in separate. The fast-acting insulin acts to lower the blood sugar levels after the meal, and the slow-acting insulin works on lowering the sugar levels between meals.
When person’s fasting blood glucose level is in the range 126 and 200 mg/dl, doctor can prescribe insulin injections at basal levels. That person only need help controlling hyperglycemia between meals because pancreas releases enough insulin to cover meals. One choice is to take long-acting insulin injection at supper or bedtime to control fasting blood glucose levels the next morning. During the day that person would manage blood sugar levels with diabetic diet plan and exercise. In some cases diabetes pill may be prescribed as well.
If person with type 2 diabetes have a fasting blood glucose levels greater than 200 mg/dl, around-the-clock insulin coverage is advised. Typically, doctor may advice one or two doses of intermediate-acting insulin to cover basal (background) insulin requirements and also may add injections of fast-acting insulin before meals to help lower glucose level after meals. People affected with severe type 2 diabetes have a deficiency of insulin that is often difficult to distinguish from type 1 diabetes. But person affected with type 2 diabetes is not likely to develop ketosis.
In people with type 2 diabetes, the body becomes more resistant to insulin as glucose level remain out of control. That means that person may have been treated with insulin injections when person’s type 2 diabetes was first diagnosed to put blood sugar levels under control. The less erratic change in blood glucose level means there is less insulin resistance in the body. When person with type 2 diabetes is able to gain better control on blood glucose levels fluctuations, it may find that oral diabetes medications can be enough to balance glucose levels with compliance with a diet plan and daily exercise routine, without insulin hormone injections.