How to Manage Diabetes? Type 1 Diabetes Management. Part 1
There are many different methods to manage diabetes. But all of them include thorough planning of exercise and diet. Some of them also include a medication plan which is always true with type 1 diabetes. There is no one-size-fits-all method to manage diabetes suited for everybody. In each case management method have to be tailored individually. It depends on the lifestyle of the patient, his conditions, workload, and so on. People have the best chance to meet their set goals for management of diabetes if their treatment plan is tailored to their own unique style and needs. This can be as simple as finding healthy recipes for favorite foods or as complicated as finding out a way to meet the demands of unpredictable work schedule. The point is that even when two people can be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes their diabetes management plan will be different.
Big player in diabetes management is SMBG, which stands for Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose. This instrument lets people make an instant measuring of blood glucose level using a drop of blood from fingertip. Other tools in diabetes management are oral diabetes medications (as metformin, or Januvia), insulin, healthy balanced diet for diabetes, regular exercises, and positive attitude among them. Many more tools and information on diabetes management you can obtain following links on the right side from this very article.
In case of type 1 diabetes human body no longer makes insulin. As a result of it insulin injections play a dominant role in day-by-day diabetes management plan. Exactly how much of insulin must be injected depends on blood glucose level wich can be measured with self-monitoring of blood glucose, or prediction of glucose levels in the bloodstream based on the ammount of food person are about to take. Physical activity can lower blood glucose level, decreasing need for insulin. This must be accounted for in diabetes management plan. The main goal of insulin therapy is to emulate as close as possible normal insulin release in the human body according to circumstances. A low level of insulin is available in the bloodstream at most times, it is known as basal level of insulin. After meals, insulin release pumped up to accomodate glucose derived from the meal. Person with type 1 diabetes need to imitate this natural sequence with scheduled insulin injections using only fast-acting insulin or combine fast-acting insulin with slow-acting insulin.
Individual type of insulin therapy should relate directly to the health and lifestyle of the person affected by type 1 diabetes. A common type of insulin therapy of type 1 diabetes is taking insulin in one or two shots a day. This means using long-acting insulins or a combination of long-acting insulin and short-acting insulin. Most doctors agree that diabetes of type 1 cannot be successfully controlled with one or two shots of insulin a day. There are too many hours in this plan that blood glucose levels are high.
Part 2 of Type 1 Diabetes Management is next…