Glucose Control In Diabetes. What Affects Glucose in the Blood? Part 2 – Insulin
As the body goes on with digestion of the food we eat, glucose levels builds up in the bloodstream. In people without diabetes or in many people with type 2 diabetes, glucose signals the body to release insulin. People with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin and must take it by insulin injections. Insulin then lets glucose into the cells that need it. More on diabetes products and services you shall find following links to the right. Without insulin, cells in the body can’t get the energy they need to live and grow. In people with type 1 diabetes, the body no longer makes insulin. Glucose can’t get to the cells that need it. In people with type 2 diabetes, the body makes insulin, but the insulin has problems in getting enough glucose into the cells that need it.
The body carefully balances the ammount of glucose and insulin in the blood. It is like your home thermostat. When there is too much glucose in the blood, insulin is pumped in. The goal for people with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes is to try to find a balance between insulin and glucose. Too much insulin, and glucose levels may fall too fast or to low and cause damage. Too little insulin, and glucose builds up in the blood. It is like balancing on a surf board, with time it’s become natural. For people with type 1 diabetes, this goal can be reached by using insulin carefully. By testing blood glucose levels before and after meals, person can become experienced at knowing how much a given dose of insulin will reduce blood glucose levels.
If you use insulin, timing your injections and meals is important. You should eat meals and snacks when insulin has had time to act. Usage of sulfonylurea, an oral diabetes medication that lowers glucose by increasing insulin release, also must be taken to a consideration. Place of insulin injections is also can affect timing. Many people have found that they get the most reliable timing in insulin action when they use the abdomen as the injection site.
The ammount of injected insulin need to match the ammount of food you eat. If you inject the usual dose of insulin and then eat more dinner than you had planned, you may end up with high glucose. On the other hand, if you don’t eat as much as planned, your glucose level will drop too low. Registered dietitian can help to develop special diabetes diet and match it with insulin intake. Once again, the diet for people with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes don’t need to be boring and plain. It can be full of favorite food choices!
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