Gestational Diabetes. What Causes Gestational Diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes which develops in pregnant women, hence gestation. This type of diabetes can develop in pregnant women who are 25 years of age or older, have a parent or sibling with diabetes, are overweight, or are Hispanic, American Indian, Asian, or African American.
If you have any of these characteristics, your doctor will screen you for possible gestational diabetes with a glucose challenge. This test is done between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. At this time, the hormones of pregnancy naturally begin to cause temporary insulin resistance that usually stops when baby is born. The test helps to check whether your body is able to overcome the insulin resistance without outside help. You are given a glucose drink to finish at a certain time. If the glucose levels in your bloodstream one hour later is 14 mg/dl or above, you may have gestational diabetes.
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Like the type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, the exact cause of gestational diabetes is unknown.
The placenta, which is organ that nourishes the growing baby, start producing large quantities of the hormones that cause insulin resistance in mother around 24th week of pregnancy. This can cause gestational diabetes when the hormones from placenta begins to interfere with the insulin hormone.
Genetics may also play a major role in gestational diabetes. Inherited insulin resistance can cause this kind of diabetes in pregnant women. And having gestational diabetes increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes someday, but not of type 1 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is more prevalent in groups that have obesity. Obesity can trigger gestational diabetes in no time at all. Please start exercise and change your diet for more healthy food if not for yourself then for your baby’s sake! Thank you! Please share my place with your friends and come back again.