Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Sugar Diabetes During Pregnancy
Abnormally high blood glucose level during pregnancy significantly increases the danger of birth defects in babies born to kmothers with sugar diabetes. Abundant statistic is available to support this claim. For emaple, uncontrolled sugar diabetes at the time of conceprion can result in miscarriages in 30 to 60 percent of all pregnancies. The risk of congenial anomalies in infants of mothers with gestational diabets out of control is 2 to 5 times greater than that of the normal population without sugar diabets disease. Congenial anomalies and miscarriages account for more than 65 percent of perinatal losses in diabetic gestation. Uncontrolled gesstational diabetes can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis which means life-threatening metabolic derangements for the mother and death for the fetus.
The best possible way to avoid severe problems with gestational diabetes is prudent preconception planning. Pregnancy should be planned and managed while the maternal blood glucose level is as close to normal as possible. Widely accepted that good blood glucose level is when A1C marker is below 7 percent. But if preconception planning was skipped and gestational diabetes is the problem on hand, intensive managem ent of gestational diabetes during pregnancy can result in good birth that nearly as good as those in the women without gestational diabetes. I would be greatful if you give me your time and check out my advertisement which I hope you shall find most helpful.
Gestational diabetes mellitus itself defined as the new onset or new diagnosis of glucose intolerance or insulin resistance during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes affects more than 200,000 pregnancies annually in the US alone an many times more worldwide. Gestational diabetes develops from peripheral insulin resistance, hepatic insulin resistance, and impaired insulin production in the pancreas.
Women considered to be at high risk for gestational diabetes should undergo immediate diagnostic testing at the first prenatal visit. Here are the risk factors for gestational diabetes:
- Age older than 25
- Body mass index (BMI) greater than 25kg/m2
- History of insulin resistance
- History of prior macrosomia
- Family history of Type 2 sugar diabetes in close relatives
- History of polycystic ovary syndrome
Approximately half of women with gestational diabetes will have gestational diabetes again during future pregnancies. Obese women have recurrence rates of more than 90 percent. With each episode of gestational diabets, beta-cells dysfunction may deteriorate further, increasing the risk of Type 2 sugar diabets developing after delivery.