Diabetic Retinopathy. Diabetic Complications

Facts about diabetes disease and diabetic retinopathy. Dilated eye exams from an eye specialist (ophthalmologist) trained in recognizing diabetic retinopathy as diabetic complication are necessary to prevent loss of vision. Another fact about diabetic retinopathy is that until diabetic retinopathy becomes advanced, patients with diabetes disease remain without symptoms of diabetic retinopathy. Once pathologic changes occur within the retina, management changes from prevention of diabetic retinopathy to stabilization of the diabetic retinopathy disease process, so that vision may be preserved. The next fact about diabetes is that prolonged exposure to high glucose levels incites a cascade of harmful events in genetically susceptible patients with diabetes disease, leading to microvascular complications of diabetes such as diabetic retinopathy. Keeping glycated hemoglobin A1C levels below 7 percent target range can reduce the risk of onset and progression of diabetic retinopathy as one of diabetic complications by 35 to 75 percent. Important facts about diabetes and diabetic complications such as diabetic retinopathy are that hyperlipidemia, high blood pressure, genetic factors, and especially smoking (yes, smoking of tobacco cigarettes) play significant riles in development and progression of diabetic retinopathy.

Because none of the novel approaches in diabetes treatment has proven to have a major effect on reducing progression of diabetic retinopathy or the incidence of macular edema in men and women with symptoms of diabetes, control of blood glucose levels combined with routine retinal examination from ophthalmologist remains the lodestone of preventing diabetic retinopathy.

One of the oral diabetic medications aimed to reduce the risk of vision loss associated with diabetic retinopathy is Ruboxistaurin (an aldose reductase inhibitor). even to patients with moderately severe to very severe nonproliferate diabetic retinopathy, Ruboxistaurin, 32 mg pills, reduced the risk of vision loss. But Ruboxistaurin drug for diabetic retinopathy did not prevent or delay the progression of diabetic retinopathy as diabetic complication.

Facts about diabetes and diabetic retinopathy:

  • Diabetic retinopathy is often already present in people with high glucose levels initially diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes mellitus;
  • Nearly 80 percent men and women with diabetes type 2 symptoms will develop signs of diabetic retinopathy within 20 years of appearance of signs and symptoms of diabetes disease;
  • Within 2 0 years of being diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes mellitus, almost all patients have clinical signs of diabetic retinopathy;
  • Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in adults with diabetes disease ages 20 to 74 according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Women and men with diabetes should know how to control blood sugar level and how to avoid high blood pressure in order to prevent or delay diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic complications such as diabetic retinopathy can be managed and controlled if patients with diabetes keep looking for signs of high blood sugar and keep control of blood glucose levels every day. Normal blood glucose levels is the keyphrase for prudent control over diabetic retinopathy and other diabetic complications.

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