Diabetes and Hypoglycemia. How to Control Hypoglycemia in Diabetes?
Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels drop too low. Hypoglycemia is not unusual for people with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes who take glucose-lowering medications, such as sulfonylurea or insulin. On average, people with type 1 diabetes have on ore two episodes of hypoglycemia each week.
It is much less common in people with type 2 diabetes. At the beginning of a hypoglycemia reaction, person may feel dizzy, shaky, sweaty, or even faint. If untreated, person could lose counciousness or have seizures. Hypoglycemia is usually caused by insulin doing its job too well. In people without diabetes, the body stops releasing insulin before glucose levels fall too low but in people with diabetes, especially those injectiong insulin, there is no shutdown in insulin release, hence insulin keep on going take care of glucose.
Other frustrating fact about diabetes is the body’s use of insulin is incostistent and unpredictable. The body’s usage of insulin depends on many factors, such as: how much exercise you get; when you exercise versus when you take medications; the state of your health; how much food you eat; what kind of food you eat, where you are injecting insulin; etc. It is impossible to keep all these factors under control each day, no matter how hard you try. On some days you can end up with more than enough insulin to handle the glucose in your blood, which could lead to hypoglycemia. It is usually occurs just before meals, during or after exercise, or when insulin is peaking. My dear friend, please take notice of my advertisement on this page. Following those links you shall find relevant information on diabetes disease, products and services aimed to control diabetes. Appreciate your attention and support. Sometimes you can get hypoglycemia during the night when you are sleeping.
The symptoms (what you can feel) and signs (what someone else can see) of hypoglycemia are divided into two groups. First group caused by effect of low blood glucose on autonomic nervous system: sweating, impatience, shaking, irritability, nervousness, anxiety, rapid heartbeat, hunger, chills, and light-headedness. Second group caused by effect of low blood glucose on the brain: anger, sadness, sleepiness, lack of coordination, nausea, nightmares, blurred vision, headaches, deliriom, and unconciousness.
Some people with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes have a hard time detecting oncoming hypoglycemia. It is very important that person with diabetes learn its own signs of hypoglycemia. The only sure way to know whether you have hypoglycemia is to test your blood glucose using glucometer.
If you think you are having a hypoglycemic reaction, you need to check your blood glucose levels at once with your personal glucose meter (glucometer). If you don’t have your personal glucometer on you, eat or drink something immediately! Never wait untill you get home to use your glucose meter. You must have some fast-acting sugar snack with you but don’t use chocolate or candy bars to treat low blood sugar because fat in those foods slows down glucose absorption. The easiest and most convinient fast-acting sugar is found in glucose tablets or gel, available at pharmacies.
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