Counting Carbohydrates in Diabetes
Embarking on the intensive diabetes management program you might want to learn to count carbohydrates in meal you take. Counting carbohydrates allows you to bring great variety of foods in your diabetes diet plan. You can stick to boring meals tailored for you by your diabetes team or you can learn how to count carbs and get much more flexible with your food. Its that simple. You’ll get good rewards if you are willing to learn. Counting carbohydrates in diabbetes technique is based on calculating your personal carbohydrate to insulin ratio.
You have to know how your body uses the injected insulin to process carbohydrates you eat. In general, most adults with type 1 diabetes need 1 unit of regular insulin to take care of 10 to 15 grams of carbohydrates. You will want to keep a detailed log of the food you eat, your exercise level, blood glucose levels measurements, and the ammount of insulin you take to cover each meal. Because everyone is different, you may require 1 unit of insulin for every 9 grams of carbs instead of 16 grams as your coworker.
The idea behind carbohydrate counting in intensive diabetes management is to add up the grams of carbs you eat and tweak the ammount of insulin you inject afterwards to cover thosecarbs immitating the natural release from pancreas as in the people without diabetes.
There are two basic methods for counting carbohydrates. It is counting grams of carbohydrates and counting carbohydrate choices. Former method is a little easier than counting grams, but not as accurate and reliable. Counting grams of carbs in your diabetes diet requires more effort on your side but is more accurate and may bring you better overall glucose levels control so you can stay close to your chosen goal.
For most packaged and processed food nowadays, the number of grams in one serving is indicated on nutrition fact inset on the package or on the label. Because dietary fiber is included in the total grams of carbohydrate but is not digested into glucose, you can substract the number of grams of dietary fiber from the total on carbs to get a more accurate number. Once you know how many grams of carbohydrate you eat at each meal, you can begin to make adjustments in your insulin regimen.