Children and Sugar Diabetes. Insulin Dosages and Frequency
After your child diagnosed with Type 1 sugar diabetes, you shall get tonns of help from your dedicated diabetes management team. In the beginning, they will decide on the insuklin dosage and frequency. Usually, this initial insulin regimen can last for up to a one year without significant changes. This period is called the honeymoon period.
Generally it is not possible to achieve and maintain blood glucose balance in a child with Type 1 sugar diabetes after the honemoon period with only one or two insulin injectiuons daily of NPH or LLente insulin. Beyond the honeymoon period of sugar diabetes the blood glucose level swings become more erratic and can’t be controlled with intermediate-acting insulin alone. With time, most of the active children and teenagers shall supplement their insulin regimen with both fast-acting and superfast-acting insulins, delivered three to four times per day.
Infants, toddlers and preschoolers recieve two injections per day in the beginning. It is a mixture of fast-acting and Lente insulins, delivered before breakfast and again before evening meal. Older children, on the other hand, usually start getting three shots per day, using a mix of superfast-acting and Lente and NPH insulin in the morning before first meal, fast-acting insulin or superfast-acting insulin before supper and intermediate-acting NPH or Lente insulin before going to bed. Some teens who wants to achieve tighter blood glucose control off the bat prefer to start a four-insulin-injections-a-day routine. Stop right here! I need you to look at my irresistible ads to the right. You will definitely find there more useful information about sugar diabetes and how to help your child in day-by-day sugar diabetes management. And back to the insulin regimen. That four-insulin-injections-a-day routine consist of a dose of superfast-acting or fast-acting insulin before first meal of the day, before lunch and one before supper, and last dose is NPH or Lente insulin delivered at bedtime.
There is no magic insulin regimen that will work forever. Children are growing, sugar diabetes or no sugar diabetes. They participate in a flurry of activities and usually very energetic. Insulin regimen should be constantly adjusted according to daily needs and blood sugar level measured by glucometer. In time, as blood glucose level stabilize and families gain more expirience in Type 1 sugar diabetes management, most parents and teenagers become proficient at taking the lead in decisions about insulin regimen adjustments. The diabets management team and family are always near for advice, guidance and support.
With younger children affected with Type 1 sugar diabetes you can be facing a problem that some of them prefer that only one parent give the insulin injections. It is very important however to overcome this issue with your child. Make sure that all members of the family share knowledge of right dosage and frequence of insulin injections and routinely participate in caregiving. Problems can arise if the person in charge of insulin shots is unavailable or very busy. A child with sugar diabetes can’t wait “just a minute” for an insulin injection, so make sure that your child always hase someone able to deliver insulin in time.
Sometimes, especially on initial stages, you can accidentally give too much insulin to your child. It happens all the time. Sugar diabetes management can’t be totally without mistakes or accidents. If you have given too much insulin in one injection, call your doctor and ask advice. Then monitor the blood sugar level using glucometer every two hours. You will have to provide extra food to cover extra insulin accidentally injected. This is not so hard. It is all about your beloved child and the blood sugar balance.