Children and Adolescents with Type 2 Sugar Diabetes

Type 2 sugar diabetes results from a combination of malfunctioning insulin action in the body, and decreased insulin production in the pancreas. Type 2 sugar diabetes is often associated with high blood cholesterol and triglycerides and high blood pressure. It is also a serious risk of development of heart attack or stroke. In the past, Type 2 sugar diabetes was much less common in children and adolescents, but now it is not true anymore. With youth obesity on the rise, Type 2 sugar diabetes quickly gain ground in that category. Obesity in young people is a major factor that predispose them to Type 2 sugar diabetes.


In comparison to Type 1 sugar diabetes, Type 2 sugar diabetes usually begins with much milder symptoms, or without any symptoms at all. Sometimes there is diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA, which can confuse a doctor a little. Most of the time, Type 2 sugar diabetes is being diagnosed in children or adolescents only after a doctor can rule out Type 1 sugar diabetes with certainty. Very high blood sugar level together with ketones in the urine signal Type 1 sugar diabetes. Type 2 sugar diabetes is more possible when only high blood sugar is present without obvious problem with ketones. To be certain about Type 1 sugar diabetes, a doctor may request a blood test for islet beta cells antibodies. A positive result strongly indicates Type 1 sugar diabetes.

For a child diagnosed with a Type 2 sugard diabetes it is of utmost importance to start sugar diabetes management routine as soon as possible. The parents of a child should educate themselves in every aspect of sugar diabetes management to be an efficient caregivers for their child affected with Type 2 sugar diabetes. Carefully planned diabetic diet together with daily activity and exercises will be enough in most cases for efficient Type 2 sugar diabetes management. For an obese teens with Type 2 sugar diabetes an important goal of diabetes management is weight loss and following weight control. If diabetes diet alone can’t help, a doctor or diabetes management team can recommend oral diabetes medications to combat high blood sugar level. Some of these oral diabetes medications help stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin, as sulphonylureas. Other will help to expel excessive sugar through the urine, as Farxiga pills for example. And if your child’s Type 2 sugar diabetes still can’t be put under control, the doctor will recommend insulin injections.

For adolescents with Type 2 sugar diabetes who have more severe symptoms and higher blood sugar level, it is usually normal to start diabetes management program with insulin injections and then substitute for oral diabetes medications down the road. Gradually, the youn patients can be off insulin and oral diabetes medications. Type 2 sugar diabetes can be managed with great success using onle individually tailored diabetic diet for Type 2 sugar diabetes with meal plans, and daily exercise routine.

Children and adolescents with Type 2 sugar diabetes should discuss at length the all important role of exercise and the timing of meals with their healt care team. The faster the child will learn about Type 2 sugar diabetes, the better her or his life shall be.

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